Therapy and Treatment Options

There are several well-established therapies for patients struggling with severe, chronic tinnitus. ATA encourages patients to embrace these tools, which can minimize the impact and burden of tinnitus.

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The primary objective for all currently-available tinnitus treatment options is to lower the perceived burden of tinnitus, allowing the patient to live a more comfortable, unencumbered, and content life.

There is currently no scientifically proven cure for most cases of chronic tinnitus — in particular the vast majority of cases caused by sensorineural hearing loss. The search for a definitive cure is ongoing and real progress is being made, but there is currently no clinically proven way to fully eliminate the perception of tinnitus.

There are, however, excellent tools to help patients manage their condition; treatments that reduce the perceived intensity, omnipresence, and burden of tinnitus. These currently available treatments are not “cures” — they neither repair the underlying causes of tinnitus, nor eliminate the tinnitus signal in the brain. Instead, they address the attentional, emotional, and cognitive impact of tinnitus. They help patients live better, more fulfilling, and more productive lives, even if the perception of tinnitus remains.

Some patients question the value of treatments that fall short of an absolute cure. ATA believes patients should do everything possible to lessen the burden of tinnitus until a definitive cure is found. An appropriate analogy may be the use of ibuprofen for a headache. Ibuprofen itself does not cure the underlying cause of most headaches, but it does reduce the pain that makes headaches feel so awful. Likewise, the most effective tinnitus treatment tools address the aspects of tinnitus that so often make the condition feel burdensome: anxiety, stress, social isolation, sound sensitivity, hearing difficulties, and perceived volume.

No two patients and no two tinnitus cases are alike. As such, the “best” treatment option is often contingent on an array of factors unique to each patient. Moreover, successful management of tinnitus may require overlapping layers of treatment. ATA recommends that patients work with their healthcare provider(s) to identify and implement the treatment strategy that is best suited to their particular needs.

Below is a list of currently available treatment options, organized into general categories.

Please note: ATA does not endorse or recommend any specific tinnitus products, treatments or providers.

Tinnitus Management Based on Research Evidence

Consumer Devices for Sound-Based Management of Tinnitus: Where's the Evidence?

Are Hearing Aids the Answer?

The Use of Hearing Aids for Sound Therapy

The Importance of Talking About Tinnitus and Listening

Management of the Tinnitus & Hyperacusis Patient

An Assessment of Tinnitus Apps

Research Paves the Way to Advances in Treatments

Neurofeedback to Alter Brain Waves Associated With Negative Tinnitus Distress

Does Tinnitus Retraining Therapy Improve Quality of Life?

Coping with Tinnitus: Coming to Terms with Thoughts and Emotions

Hearing and Combination Sound-Therapy Aids for Tinnitus—2017 In Review

Mindfulness: How We Live Each Moment Determines How We Live Our Lives

Sound-Therapy Research Points to Personalization, Rather than Clear Guidelines

Free Sound and Sleep Apps

Using Art Therapy to Engage the Mind, Body, and Spirit to Cope with Tinnitus

Placebo Effect

The Current State of Pharmocotherapeutic Treatment for Tinnitus: Prescriptions for Coping with Tinnitus

Ototoxicity: Tinnitus as a Drug Side Effect

Techniques to Improve Sleep Without Medication

Anticoagulant Sulodexide Therapy for Tinnitus

The Allure of the "Magic Pill"

Questions to Ask Your Doctor About Medicines & Dietary Supplements

Study Finds Popular Vitamin and Mineral Supplements Have No Health Benefits

Buyer Beware: Regulating Dietary Supplements

Putting Fears About Drugs and Aggravating Tinnitus into Perspective

Naturopathic Approach Focuses on Prevention and Relies Less on Prescription Drugs

Patient-Provider Partnerships Lead to Better Outcomes

Tinnitus Within the Context of Traumatic Brain Injury and PTSD

Understanding Tinnitus Assessment Questionnaires

Improving Accessibility of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Tinnitus Patients

Gentle Amplification for Those with Negligible Hearing Loss, Traumatic Brain Injury, and Tinnitus

Audiological Management of Patients With Traumatic Brain Injuries and Tinnitus

Head Injury, Tinnitus, and Mental Health Symptoms

A Sound Therapy System While You Sleep

What Audiologists and Parents Should Know About Caring for Children with TBI and Tinnitus

What You Need to Know About Tinnitus Retraining Therapy

Broadband Noise Is Still the King

Tinnitus & Hyperacusis Glossary

When Children Have Tinnitus—Learning to Ask for Help When Needed

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy: A Proven Tool for Managing Tinnitus

Three Emerging Trends in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

Creating a Multidimensional Tinnitus Personality Profile

The Intake Process for People with Tinnitus

Intake Process for Tinnitus

Tinnitus Treatment with Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation